Prince Hall Freemasonry

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Prince Hall Freemasonry (PHA) is a masculine obedience Ancient order of Freemasonry founded in the United States. Although membership is open to men regardless of race, Prince Hall Freemasonry continues to be a predominately African-American Masonic order.

Prince Hall Freemasonry traces its origin to African Lodge #459 of Boston, Massachusetts, chartered by the Grand Lodge of England in 1784. Prince Hall, an original member of African Lodge, became the first Grand Master of the African Grand Lodge of North America in 1791 and served in that capacity until his death in 1807. The Grand Lodge was renamed in Hall's honor in 1827 and became the forerunner of the current PHA system. Largely because of prejudice and racial segregation in the United States, Prince Hall Freemasonry developed separately from its Ancient counterparts.

Prince Hall Grand Lodges are in amity with the United Grand Lodge of England and beginning in the early 1990s most of the other Ancient Grand Lodges in the United States. As of 2008 US Grand Lodges which do not recognize Prince Hall Freemasonry include the Grand Lodges of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee and West Virginia.

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